Gotland is located in the Baltic Sea and is Sweden's largest island. From Fårö in the north to Hoburgen in the south Gotland measures 176 km in length and at its widest the island is 52 km. The island has just over 57,000 inhabitants, of which 24,000 live in Visby, the largest town on the island.
The landscape on Gotland is characterised by limestone, sea stacks (vertical rock formations shaped by the sea), small scale farms and open land. The island has a total of 800 km of coastline, which is dotted with fantastic sand and stone beaches. In general, the landscape is somewhat more rugged in the north and more wooded in the south.
Gotland is one of the sunniest places in Sweden. Visby normally tops the Swedish Sun League, which measures the number of sunshine hours at various places around the country. During the winter, temperatures fall to a couple of degrees below zero while summer temperatures normally hover just above 20 degrees.
The medieval times are still very much alive on Gotland. Visby has to a large extent retained its medieval character, with the well-preserved wall surrounding most of the town, and there are no less than 92 medieval churches dotted around the island. At the same time, Gotland is a modern island with a rich contemporary cultural life.
Language and currency
People on Gotland speak Swedish with a dialect called Gotlandic or Gutnish. Most Swedes also have a good command of English and some speak other languages such as German, French and Spanish.
Gotland uses the Swedish krona as its currency. Some shops also accept euros and in most shops you can also pay by credit card. 10 Swedish kronor (SEK) equates to approximately USD 1.4 or EUR 1.1 (rates as of autumn 2014).